subject-prominent language, at the discourse level it tends to use a topic-comment structure, where the known information (topic) precedes the new information (comment). The diphthongs /ei/ and /ou/ are monophthongs e and o or even the reverse diphthongs ie and uo (e.g. The settlement history of the English-speaking inner circle countries outside Britain helped level dialect distinctions and produce koineised forms of English in South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Noun phrases can be short, such as the man, composed only of a determiner and a noun. The best known national varieties used as standards for education in non English-speaking countries are British (BrE) and American (AmE). In South Africa, English has been spoken since 1820, co-existing with Afrikaans and various African languages such as the Khoe and Bantu languages. English is unusual among world languages in how many of its users are not native speakers but speakers of English as a second or foreign language. It was a chain shift, meaning that each shift triggered a subsequent shift in the vowel system. Doi :.1016/B /01294-3. "Case: The number of English cases". Encyclopedia of language linguistics. In the homo intim oliemassage bordel bornholm table, when obstruents (stops, affricates, and fricatives) appear in pairs, such as /p b /t d and /s z the first is fortis (strong) and the second is lenis (weak). Archaeology and Language: Correlating Archaeological and Linguistic Hypotheses. They form complex tenses, aspects, and moods. Retrieved 10 February 2015.